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Water soluble vs. fat soluble. What it all means.

It isn’t difficult at all to distinguish between the two yet where do you learn these things? I sure wasn’t taught in the traditional schooling system.

A water-soluble vitamin is a vitamin that dissolves in water and by the same token cannot be stored in the body. While a fat-soluble vitamin is dissolved in fat and can in turn be stored in the body’s fatty tissues and liver.

What this all means is that water-soluble vitamins need to be consumed more regularly in order to sustain consistent blood levels and nourish the body optimally.

Water-soluble Vitamins:

  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine) helps to release energy from foods and is important in maintaining nervous system function.
  • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) helps promotes good vision and healthy skin and is also important in converting the amino acid tryptophan into niacin.
  • Vitamin B3 (niacin) aids in digestion, metabolism, and normal enzyme function as well as promoting healthy skin and nerves.
  • Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid) aids in metabolism and the formation of hormones.
  • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) aids in protein metabolism and the production of red blood cell, insulin, and hemoglobin.
  • Vitamin B9 (folic acid) also aids in protein metabolism and red blood cell formation and may reduce the risk of neural tube birth defects.
  • Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) aids in the production of normal red blood cells as well as the maintenance of the nervous system.
  • Biotin helps release energy from carbohydrates and aids in the metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates from food.
  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is central to iron absorption and collagen synthesis. It aids in wound healing and bone formation while improving overall immune function.

Fat-soluble Vitamins:
  • Vitamin A is integral to bone formation, tooth formation, and vision. It contributes to immune and cellular function while keeping the intestines working properly.
  • Vitamin D aids in the development of teeth and bone by encouraging the absorption and metabolism of phosphorous and calcium.
  • Vitamin E is an antioxidant that helps fight infection and keeps red blood cells healthy.
  • Vitamin K is central to blood clotting and also keeps bones healthy.

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